Nearly 14% of the United States population is composed of immigrants. But in reality, the vast majority of Americans today are here because of relatives who immigrated from other countries some time in the last several hundred years.

And while the distinctive American culture and spirit is the result of blending many diverse cultures and histories, the United States has for centuries had an up-and-down relationship with immigration.

Each era of immigration has been met with reductive ideas and resistance, whether the backlash was directed toward the Chinese, Irish, Italians, or Mexicans. Immigration laws have targeted specific groups at various times, stoking intolerance and preventing people from truly joining American society. Over time, however, as laws changed to be more equitable and immigrants found their footings, we have reaped the rewards of innovation in business, music, art, literature, dance, food, societal norms, entertainment, and sports—all while realizing a greater understanding of and respect for different cultures, religions, and ideas.

Stacker compiled a list of the countries most immigrants to Fresno come from, using data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Countries are ranked by highest number of foreign-born residents who lived in Fresno as of 2019’s five-year estimates.

Keep reading to find out more about the immigrant community in Fresno.

#49 (tie). Ecuador

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 147
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 438,474
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.0%
– #19 most common country of origin

#49 (tie). Netherlands

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 147
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 85,161
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%
– #69 most common country of origin

#48. Malaysia

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 164
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 76,521
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%
– #74 most common country of origin

#47. Micronesia

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 168
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 28,315
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%
– #109 most common country of origin

#46. Sri Lanka

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 176
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 52,439
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%
– #83 most common country of origin

#45. Italy

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 205
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 332,857
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.8%
– #30 most common country of origin

#44. Jordan

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 208
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 81,155
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%
– #71 most common country of origin

#43. Russia

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 219
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 391,641
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.9%
– #22 most common country of origin

#42. Chile

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 249
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 98,945
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%
– #61 most common country of origin

#41. Afghanistan

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 254
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 101,548
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%
– #59 most common country of origin

#40. Indonesia

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 296
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 96,229
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%
– #62 most common country of origin

#39. Nicaragua

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 298
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 251,913
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.6%
– #33 most common country of origin

#38. Colombia

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 303
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 761,374
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.7%
– #12 most common country of origin

#37. Saudi Arabia

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 309
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 85,000
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%
– #70 most common country of origin

#36. France

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 310
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%

National
– Number of residents: 181,554
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.4%
– #41 most common country of origin

#35. Turkey

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 331
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 119,380
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.3%
– #54 most common country of origin

#34. Argentina

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 332
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 194,435
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.4%
– #39 most common country of origin

#33. Fiji

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 346
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 47,004
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%
– #86 most common country of origin

#32. Ethiopia

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 420
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 249,777
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.6%
– #34 most common country of origin

#31. Cuba

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 422
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 1,289,875
– Percent of foreign born residents: 2.9%
– #7 most common country of origin

#30. Taiwan

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 436
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 381,098
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.9%
– #24 most common country of origin

#29. Hong Kong

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 437
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 231,275
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.5%
– #36 most common country of origin

#28. Peru

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 464
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 451,076
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.0%
– #18 most common country of origin

#27. Ukraine

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 468
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 345,250
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.8%
– #28 most common country of origin

#26. Nigeria

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 479
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 350,272
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.8%
– #26 most common country of origin

#25. Portugal

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 495
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 171,118
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.4%
– #44 most common country of origin

#24. Lebanon

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 498
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%

National
– Number of residents: 121,697
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.3%
– #52 most common country of origin

#23. Egypt

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 561
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.3%

National
– Number of residents: 191,452
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.4%
– #40 most common country of origin

#22. Pakistan

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 592
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.3%

National
– Number of residents: 376,127
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.9%
– #25 most common country of origin

#21. Germany

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 612
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.3%

National
– Number of residents: 560,368
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.3%
– #17 most common country of origin

#20. Spain

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 687
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.3%

National
– Number of residents: 115,113
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.3%
– #55 most common country of origin

#19. Syria

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 723
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.3%

National
– Number of residents: 95,802
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%
– #63 most common country of origin

#18. Honduras

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 823
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.4%

National
– Number of residents: 651,123
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.5%
– #16 most common country of origin

#17. Japan

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 844
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.4%

National
– Number of residents: 345,140
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.8%
– #29 most common country of origin

#16. South Korea

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 1,209
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.6%

National
– Number of residents: 1,044,634
– Percent of foreign born residents: 2.4%
– #9 most common country of origin

#15. Yemen

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 1,306
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.6%

National
– Number of residents: 54,152
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.1%
– #82 most common country of origin

#14. Armenia

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 1,309
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.6%

National
– Number of residents: 86,804
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.2%
– #68 most common country of origin

#13. Iran

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 1,325
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.6%

National
– Number of residents: 382,260
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.9%
– #23 most common country of origin

#12. Guatemala

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 1,637
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.8%

National
– Number of residents: 979,098
– Percent of foreign born residents: 2.2%
– #10 most common country of origin

#11. United Kingdom

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 1,652
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.8%

National
– Number of residents: 698,612
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.6%
– #14 most common country of origin

#10. Cambodia

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 1,726
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.8%

National
– Number of residents: 151,066
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.3%
– #46 most common country of origin

#9. Canada

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 1,802
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.9%

National
– Number of residents: 808,566
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.8%
– #11 most common country of origin

#8. Vietnam

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 2,660
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.3%

National
– Number of residents: 1,336,988
– Percent of foreign born residents: 3.0%
– #6 most common country of origin

#7. China

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 2,866
– Percent of foreign born residents: 1.4%

National
– Number of residents: 2,162,395
– Percent of foreign born residents: 4.9%
– #3 most common country of origin

#6. Thailand

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 4,933
– Percent of foreign born residents: 2.4%

National
– Number of residents: 255,345
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.6%
– #32 most common country of origin

#5. El Salvador

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 6,595
– Percent of foreign born residents: 3.2%

National
– Number of residents: 1,381,008
– Percent of foreign born residents: 3.1%
– #5 most common country of origin

#4. Philippines

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 7,974
– Percent of foreign born residents: 3.8%

National
– Number of residents: 1,983,939
– Percent of foreign born residents: 4.5%
– #4 most common country of origin

#3. Laos

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 11,007
– Percent of foreign born residents: 5.3%

National
– Number of residents: 181,546
– Percent of foreign born residents: 0.4%
– #42 most common country of origin

#2. India

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 14,963
– Percent of foreign born residents: 7.2%

National
– Number of residents: 2,561,906
– Percent of foreign born residents: 5.8%
– #2 most common country of origin

#1. Mexico

Fresno, CA Metro Area
– Number of residents: 128,055
– Percent of foreign born residents: 61.3%

National
– Number of residents: 11,250,541
– Percent of foreign born residents: 25.6%
– #1 most common country of origin